Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park was created in 2006 to try
and restore the natural ecology of a large, rocky wasteland
next to Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur. It had suffered years of neglect and was overrun by baavlia (Prosopis juliflora), an invasive, thorny shrub introduced from central America almost a century ago. The challenge was to eradicate the baavlia and create a suitable home for native rock-loving plants that we would bring back from the desert.
By storing water
Some plants known as SUCCULENTS have evolved to be able to store water in their tissues, like a cactus does. Different parts of a plant can be succulent – leaves, twigs, trunk, roots. They are all effective ways of overcoming extremely low rainfall.
Through long roots
It is sometimes possible for a plant to reach water deep underground by means of long, penetrating roots. Only trees live long enough to be able to do this. And only a few native trees are adapted to growing in rocky places in the desert.
By living short lives!
By far the most common strategy is to live a very short life that begins when a seed germinates in the rains, and ends a few months after the rains cease. These short-lived plants are called EPHERMERALS. They evolved not to tolerate drought, but to avoid it.